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© 2017 by Dr. Rachel Hardeman



  • Hardeman, RR, Kozhimannil KB. Motivations for entering the doula profession: Perspectives from women of color. Forthcoming, Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health.

  • Hardeman, RR, Kozhimannil KB, Vogelsang C, Hardeman RR, Prasad S.  Doula Support and Having a Good Birth: Perspectives from Women of Color. Forthcoming, Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

  • Kozhimannil KB, Hardeman RR. Coverage for doula services: how state Medicaid programs can address concerns about maternity care costs and quality. Birth, Epublished, February 2016.

  • Kozhimannil KB, Hardeman RR, Vogelsang C, Blauer-Peterson C, Alarad F, Howell E.  Modeling the cost effectiveness of doula care for reducing preterm birth and cesarean delivery. Birth, Forthcoming, March 2016.

  • Phelan S, Puhl R, Burke S, Hardeman R, Dovidio JF, Nelson D, Przedworski J, Burgess D, Perry S, Yeazel M, van Ryn M.  The mixed impact of medical school on medical students’ implicit and explicit weight bias. Medical Education, Vol. 49, Iss. 10, October 2015, pp. 983-992. DOI: 10.1111/medu.12770

  • Perry SP, Hardeman RR, Burke S, Cunningham B, van Ryn.  The impact of everyday discrimination and racial identity centrality on African American medical student well-being: A Report from the Medical Student CHANGE Study.  Journal of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health.  ePublished October, 2015, DOI:10. 1007/ s40615-015-0170-3.

  • Van Ryn M, Hardeman RR, Phelan SM, Burgess DJ, Dovidio J. Herrin J, Burke S, Nelson D, Perry S, Yeazel M, Przedworski J.  Medical school experiences associated with change in implicit racial bias among 3547 medical students:  A Medical Student CHANGES Study Report.  Journal of General Internal Medicine, ePublished July 1, 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11606-015-3447-7 

  • Hardeman RR, Perry S, Phelan SM, Przedworski J, Burgess DJ, van Ryn M.  Racial Identity and Mental Well-Being:  The Experience of African American Medical Students, A Report from the Medical Student CHANGE Study.  Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ePublished June 20, 2015, DOI:  10.1007/s40615-015-0136-5

  • Hardeman RR, Przedworski J, Burke S, Burgess D, Phelan S, Dovidio J, Nelson D, Rockwood T, van Ryn M.  Mental Well-Being in First Year Medical Students: A Comparison by Race and Gender. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ePublished March 13, 2015, 10.1007/s40615-015-0087-x

  • Hardeman RR, Burgess D, Phelan S, Yeazel M, Nelson D, van Ryn M.  Medical student socio-demographic characteristics and attitudes towards patient centered care: Do race, socioeconomic status and gender matter? Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 98, Iss. 3, 2015, pp. 350-355  DOI:  10.1016/j.pec.2014.11.01

  • Phelan SM, Hardeman RR.  Health professionals’ pain management decisions are influenced by their role (nurse or physician) and by patient gender, age, and ethnicity. Evidence-Based Nursing, Vol. 18, Iss. 2, April 2015, p. 58. ePublished August 21, 2014.  DOI:  10.1136/eb-2014-10191

  • van Ryn M, Hardeman R, Phelan S, Burke S, Przedworski J, Allen M, Burgess D, Ridgeway J, White R, Dovidio J.  Psychological predictors of attitudes toward physician empathy in clinical encounters among 4732 1st year medical students: a report from the CHANGES study. Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 96, Iss.3, September 2014, pp. 367-75.  ePublished July 10, 2014.  DOI: 10.1016/jpec.2014.06.009

  • Kozhimannil KB, Hardeman RR, Attanasio LB, Blauer-Peterson C, O’Brien M.  Doula Care, Birth Outcomes, and Costs Among Medicaid Beneficiaries. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 103, Iss. 4, April 2013, pp. e113-21.  ePublished February 14, 2013.  DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301201


  • Hardeman, R and Medina, E. Fairly Healthy.  Column in a bimonthly newsletter, The Connection; published by the Program in Health Disparities Research, University of MN. Most recent column Doula Care, Birth Outcomes and Cost Savings. Ongoing
  • Hardeman, R How do we know if clinics are delivering patient and family centered care? Results of a pilot test of the Patient and Family Centered Care (PFCC) Index. August 2011
  • Hardeman, R, Owen, G, Gerrard, M and Aliazaga, N. A tool for integrating mental health into primary care for pediatric populations. Development and initial testing of the Mental Health Integration Assessment Tool. June 2010
  • Gerrard, M, Hardeman, R, Jim, J. Minnesota’s Health Care Home Initiative Integrating best practices into collaborative learning method. June 2009